Primary Sources

1. Books

Baker, Ray Stannard. American Chronicle. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1945.

McClure, Samuel Sidney. My Autobiography. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Company, 1914.

Steffens, Joseph Lincoln. The Autobiography of Lincoln Steffens. New York: Harcourt, 1931.

______. The Letters of Lincoln Steffens. Edited by Ella Winter and Granville Hicks. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1938.

______. The Shame of the Cities. New York: Sagamore Press, 1957.

Tarbell, Ida M. All in the Day’s Work. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1939.

White, William Allen. The Autobiography of William Allen White. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1946.

2. Papers

Ida M. Tarbell Collection, Allegheny College Library, Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania.


Secondary Sources

1. Books

Bannister, Robert C. Ray Stannard Baker; the Mind and Thought of a Progressive. New Have: Yale University Press, 1966.

Chalmers, David Mark. The Muckrake Years. New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1974.

_______. The Social and Political Ideas of the Muckrakers. New York: The Citadel Press, 1964.

Chamberlain, John. Farewell to Reform; the Rise, Life, and Decay of the Progressive Mind in America. Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1958.

Greene, Theodore P. America’s Heroes; The Changing Models of Success in American Magazines. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Griswold, A. Whitney. Farming and Democracy. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1948.

Hofstadter, Richard. The Age of Reform; From Bryan to F.D.R. New York: Vintage Books, 1955.

Horton, Russell M. Lincoln Steffens. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1974.

Johnson, Walter. William Allen White’s America. New York: Henry Holt, 1947.

Kaplan, Justin, Lincoln Steffens; A Biography. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1974.

Kazin, Alfred. On Native Grounds. New York: Reynal and Hitchcock, 1942.

Kolko, Gabriel. The Triumph of Conservatism; A Reinterpretation of American History, 1900-1916. London: The Free Press of Glencoe, 1963.

Lyon, Peter. Success Story; The Life and Times of S.S. McClure. New York: Scribners, 1963.

May, Henry F. Protestant Churches and Industrial America. New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers, 1949.

Mott, Frank Luther. A History of American Magazines. Vol. 1: 1880-1905. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1957.

Mowry, George E. The Era of Theodore Roosevelt; 1900-1912. Harper and Brothers, 1958.

Palermo, Patrick F. Lincoln Steffens. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1978.

Regier, Cornelius C. The Era of the Muckrakers. Chapel Hill, N.C. : The University of North Carolina Press, 1932.

Resek, Carl. The Progressives. New York: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., 1967.

Rich, Everett. William Allen White, the Man from Emporia. New York: Farrar and Rinehart, 1941.

Semonche, John E. Ray Stannard Baker; A Quest for Democracy in Modern America, 1870-1918. Chapel Hill, N.C. : University of North Carolina Press, 1969.

Tomkins, Mary E. Ida M. Tarbell. New York: Twayne Publishers, Inc., 1974.

Wiebe, Robert H. The Search for Order. New York: Hill and Wang, 1967.

Wilson, Harold S. McClure’s Magazine and the Muckrakers. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1970.

2. Articles

Schultz, Stanley K. “The Morality of Politics: The Muckrakers’ Vision of Democracy.” Journal of American History 52 (December 1965) : 527-547.